Swimming Pool Construction

Swimming Pool Construction – Pool Contractor

The first step in the pool construction process is deciding on the type of pool that you desire. There are many types of pools to choose from such as above ground pools, built-in pools or concrete pools along with many more types to choose from

  • Custom Pool Builder
  • Indoor Pool Builder
  • Commercial Pool Builder
  • In Ground Pool Builder
  • Concrete Pool Builder
  • Luxury Pool Builder

Swimming Pool Construction Process

Many homeowners worry about how the swimming pool construction process will affect their homes and their lives. To ease pool owners minds, we’ve assembled a step-by-step outline to help you know what to expect. View the swimming pool construction steps below.


The first step in constructing your new pool is to paint an outline of your pool on the ground to match the layout you’ve chosen. Then we’ll build the wooden forms for the excavation crew and other crews to follow as they remove the dirt and construct your pool. Most of the dirt will be removed during the excavation. We usually keep a little bit of dirt on site for other phases of the construction. (If you would like any of this dirt reserved for landscaping purposes or some other uses, just let us know where and how much you desire.)


Next, our steel crew arrives with thousands of pounds of steel reinforcing bars (rebar), which they will use to form the rigid skeleton of your pool. It’s amazing to watch our crews in action as they bend and shape this steel with skill and experience that reflects many years of performing this job on a daily basis. You may notice block spacers under the steel. These help to hold the steel above the soil, so that it ends up being approximately in the middle of the gunite. This makes for the strongest possible shell for your pool. (Beware of pool builders who will put these spacers in place for the Inspector, but then remove them when they shoot the Gunite, so they can reuse them. This is not the time to pinch pennies!) When the steel is complete, it may look like the steps are missing. Don’t worry, these will be built when we shoot the Gunite.


Your pool is now ready to be plumbed with high-grade NSF (National Sanitation Foundation) approved “Schedule 40” PVC pipe, fittings and equipment. These make up the circulation system to your spa jets, to waterfalls, and/or to any other special items that you’ve chosen to customize your pool. All pipe connections are solidly and permanently bonded with PVC cement. Then, the entire plumbing system is pressure tested to 30psi to make sure there are no leaks. All plumbing work is performed by team of experts.


Now comes the unique process of “shooting the Gunite” to form the hard concrete shell of your pool. Gunite is a mixture of sand and cement that is applied by an experienced team of craftsmen using specialized tools and a pair of custom Gunite trucks. They will skillfully shoot the gunite around your pool’s steel reinforcement grid to form your pool. With that kind of experience, it’s no wonder that every pool we build comes with a Lifetime Warranty!


The next step in the construction process is the installation of a six inch wide band of acid-proof, double-fired pool tile. This tile is hand-laid and carefully grouted by our skilled craftsmen. If you have chosen the optional coping, it will be hand-laid and grouted on the “beam” (or wall top) of your pool by the same craftsmen that set the tile. It’s critically important that highly experienced craftsmen handle the tile work. If you have chosen to add picturesque rocks, a rock waterfall or other natural rock features, those features will be added at this time as well


Now that the Gunite is complete, it’s time to form the framework for your deck. Soil will be spread around your pool as necessary, and an appropriate base will be laid for the deck material you have chosen. The decking crew will then install the steel rebar grid for your deck.


Electrical: Using National Electric Code approved conduit, wire and bonding, our licensed professional electrical contractor carefully makes all of the electrical connections for your pool. The lights are installed, the pumps are wired, and electrical breakers are installed.
Gas Lines / Propane Tank:If your pool or spa package includes a heater, then it will need to be connected to your gas line or a propane tank, depending on your situation.


In this step, our decking crew will prepare for whichever type of deck you have chosen. Some of the more popular choices include..

  • Kool-Deck (always cool & comfortable on the feet!) • Broom finished concrete
  • Decorative Stamped Concrete
  • Pavers (bricks, bluestone, tumbled travertine, etc.)
  • A 2” to 4” base of crushed “processed stone” and/or as much as 8” of stone dust and/or sand will be laid as appropriate for your soil and deck conditions.

The overall process normally takes several days.


Proper chemical balance is very important for proper maintenance of your pool, so we will schedule a “Pool School” orientation for you and anyone else who wants to know how to operate the pool. It’s time to enjoy your new backyard oasis from Unique Pools and Spas! If you don’t have your own backyard oasis, call us now!